Bug 211624 - requestAnimationFrame slow performance vs. setInterval / setTimeout
Summary: requestAnimationFrame slow performance vs. setInterval / setTimeout
Status: NEW
Alias: None
Product: WebKit
Classification: Unclassified
Component: New Bugs (show other bugs)
Version: Safari 13
Hardware: All Unspecified
: P2 Major
Assignee: Nobody
Keywords: InRadar
Depends on:
Reported: 2020-05-08 08:02 PDT by Dustin Kerstein
Modified: 2020-05-13 11:38 PDT (History)
6 users (show)

See Also:


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Description Dustin Kerstein 2020-05-08 08:02:49 PDT
I'm sure this can be replicated in other ways but here is an example using Three.js and video seeking using a file with 100% I-Frames - https://jsfiddle.net/wxe5pk8c - You can switch between requestAnimationFrame, Three.js's setAnimationLoop (which uses rAF internally), and setInterval by setting animationStrategy to 1,2,3, respectively. 

*Note* that as this JSFiddle uses iFrames, you'll need to click into the result iFrame to get Safari to avoid using its low power mode (meant for ads) which limits rendering to 30fps.

Below are average framerates from various devices I have tested:

1st Gen iPad Pro

   requestAnimationFrame: 55fps
   setAnimationLoop: 55fps
   setInterval: 60fps

2011 Macbook Pro

   requestAnimationFrame: 3fps
   setAnimationLoop: 3fps
   setInterval: 60fps

2019 Macbook Pro

   requestAnimationFrame: 60fps
   setAnimationLoop: 60fps
   setInterval: 60fps

Also, note that this JSFiddle example is susceptible to this issue - https://bugs.webkit.org/show_bug.cgi?id=211295 but I believe it should still be a valid test for comparison between requestAnimationFrame and setInterval / setTimeout performance testing.
Comment 1 Radar WebKit Bug Importer 2020-05-08 15:32:01 PDT
Comment 2 Dustin Kerstein 2020-05-09 09:01:04 PDT
Quick update - This can be replicated on many of the Three.js examples (not just the somewhat esoteric video seeking example above). Try https://threejs.org/examples/#webgl_interactive_cubes_gpu and switch from requestAnimationFrame to setInterval - I see around a 10-15fps difference on both my iPad Pro and older Macbook Pro.
Comment 3 Dustin Kerstein 2020-05-11 05:56:40 PDT
And a potentially unrelated but interesting behavior - On the above video seeking JSFiddle, when tested on an iOS device, sometimes the textures stop updating for a small period of time (independent from rendered rAF FPS) but can somehow be *fixed* immediately by touching the screen. I doubt that's directly related to the core rAF performance differences with setInterval, but I figured I'd mention it in case it helps diagnose things.
Comment 4 Dustin Kerstein 2020-05-11 15:30:53 PDT
Regarding the issue noted in my most recent comment, I opened a new issue specifically about video-based textures not updating - https://bugs.webkit.org/show_bug.cgi?id=211750